Lectures 

  • - Notes taken in class should be considered ‘personal communication’. Do not include an entry in the reference list.
  • - This format can be used if you are citing a set of notes from a lecture (e.g. power point slides provided by your lecturer or tutor). 

Print

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year, Month, Day). Title [Lecture notes Course Name]. University, City, Country.

Online

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Title [PowerPoint slides]. University. URL

In text example

 Reference list examples

 In-text citation (lecture notes - print): 

. . . (Reed, 2020, p. 14).

 In-text citation (lecture notes - online): 

. . . (Jacobs, 2018).

 

 
 
 

 Print example

Reed, M. (2020, February 20). [Lecture notes on human development]. Jensen Newman Institute, Torrens University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

 Online example

Jacobs, P. (2018). MGT101: Organisational discourse [PowerPoint slides]. Torrens University. https://laureate-au.blackboard.com/ik&jij

 

Handouts

  • - If a lecturer provides material in a class from other authors, then you reference the authors and not the lecturer.

Example

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Subject Code [Class Handout Title]. University, City, Country.

In text example

 Reference list examples

 In-text citation (paraphrase or direct quotation): 

. . . (Jones, 2019).

 
 
 

 Handout example

Jones, L. (2019). CAM102C: [Class handout on Zingiber officinale]. Southern School of Natural Therapies, Torrens University, Fitzroy, Vic, Australia.