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This guide will help you to find and use all the available useful sources to help you get just what you need fast!

Starting Your Search

Here you can access helpful catalogue searches, where we've completed some of the first steps to get you started in your searching.

Featured Resource

Mosby's Evidence-Based Nursing Monographs

Mosby's Evidence-Based Nursing Monographs: the latest evidence about common clinical problems, including summaries of key studies, tagged by level of evidence.

What is Evidence Based Practice?

Evidence Based Practice is the integration of clinical expertise, patient values and the best evidence into the decision making process for patient care.
Sackett, D.L., et al. (2000). Evidence-based medicine: How to practice and teach EBM (2nd ed.). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.

For more information, see this online tutorial from Duke University on the basics of EBM.

To determine if a study is 'evidence-based' requires that you 'critically appraise' it. For critical appraisal tools refer to the Critical appraisal tab. 

Pyramid of study types

This image graphically represents the hierarchy of evidence provided by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)

Graphic courtesy of: 

For NHMRC designation of levels of evidence go to: A guide to the development, implementation and evaluation of clinical practice guidelines 

What is an evidence hierarchy? A quick guide to understanding evidence hierarchies, how they can be helpful in searching for and assessing the quality of research evidence (FACS Insights, Analysis and Research, NSW Government, 2020).

This is just a selection of the thousands of ebooks available

Tools and resources

EBM search engines

TRIP Database
Trip is a tool for you to find high-quality clinical research evidence.

Centre for Evidence Based Medicine (CEBM)
Provides free support and resources to doctors, clinicians, teachers and others interested in learning more about EBM.

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE)
DARE includes systematic reviews that evaluate the effects of health and social care interventions and the delivery and organisation of health and social care services. (1994-2015 - continued by NHS Signals)

NIHR (NHS) Signals 
NIHR Signals are timely summaries of the most important research that aim to cut through the noise and provide decision makers with the evidence they can use.

EBP/EBM tools

Glossary of EBP/EBM terms

EBM articles

Critical appraisal 

How do you know if a study is 'evidence based'?

Determining if study results are valid and evidence-based means you need to know how to 'critically appraise' it.

Critical appraisal is the systematic evaluation of clinical research papers in order to establish:

  1. Does this study address a clearly focused question?
  2. Did the study use valid methods to address this question?
  3. Are the valid results of this study important?
  4. Are these valid, important results applicable to my patient or population?

If the answer to any of these questions is "no", you can save yourself the trouble of reading the rest of it.

Critical appraisal tools

Joanna Briggs Institute

Critical appraisal tool downloads to assist in assessing the trustworthiness, relevance and results of published papers.

CASP Appraisal checklists

Eight critical appraisal tools to assess the trustworthiness, relevance and results of Systematic Reviews, Randomised Controlled Trials, Cohort Studies, Case Control Studies, Economic Evaluations, Diagnostic Studies, Qualitative Studies and Clinical Prediction Rule.

Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (CEBM)

Critical Appraisal worksheets for Systematic Reviews, Diagnostics, Prognosis, Randomised Controlled Trials, Qualitative Studies and IPD (Individual patient data).

Equator Network - Reporting guidelines for main study types

This international network seeks to improve the reliability and value of published health literature. Includes guidelines such as Randomised trials, observational studies case reports and more.

SIGN (Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network) - Methodology Checklists 

Methodology checklists for systematic reviews and meta-analyses, randomised controlled trials, cohort studies, case-control studies, diagnostic studies and economic studies.

BestBETs Critical Appraisal worksheets

Contains 13 Critical appraisal worksheets, including case-control checklist (including harm), cohort, diagnosis, prognosis, qualitative, randomised control trial, review or meta-analysis and more.

Types of Studies

Evidence Based Practice Databases

New EBP Items