Referencing - Books & Ebooks

Print books & ebooks

  • - The reference list entry for a book should include the author, date, title, publisher. (Include DOI or URL for ebooks).
  • - The DOI or URL must be included if available
  • - If the ebook is from an academic research database include the library link to the ebook  or record in the library catalogue 
  • - If accessed through an ebook reader, include the name of the ebook reader version ie. 'Kindle version' or 'Kobo version' in square brackets immediately following the title. Also show the commercial URL of the ebook reader version as the source.
  • - For in-text referencing, use page numbers
  • - If you are citing information that is drawn from multiple, non-consecutive pages from the same text, list all the pagination separated by commas.

 

Print Book

Author

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle. Publisher.

Editor

Editor Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Ed.). (Year). Book title: Subtitle. Publisher.

Author of Book With Multiple Editions

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle (edition). Publisher

 

Ebook 

 

Author

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle. Publisher. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxx OR URL

 Editor

Editor Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Ed.). (Year). Book title: Subtitle. Publisher. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxx OR URL

 Author of Book With Multiple Editions

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle (edition). Publisher. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxx OR URL.

In text example

 Reference list example

 
 
(Oguz, A, 2022, p. 63)
 
 
 
 
     
 
 (Sabourin, 2021, pp. 85-87)
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Samson et al., 2020, p. 308)
 
 
 
 
(Short, 2020)
 
 
 
 
 
(Sabourin, 2021, p.21)
 
 
 
(Sarris & Wardle, 2019, pp. 311-312)
 
 

 Open Access Textbook

Oguz, A. (2022). Project Management: Navigating the complexity with a systematic approach. MSL Academic Endeavors. https://open.umn.edu/opentextbooks/textbooks/project-management-navigating-the-complexity-with-a-systematic-approach

 Ebook from a subscribed database

Sabourin, V. (2021). Strategic management for the hospitality and tourism industry: Developing a   competitive advantage. Apple Academic. Press. https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/think/detail.action?docID=6804268

 

Samson, D., Donnet, T., & Daft, R. (2020). Management. (7th ed.). Cengage.  https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/think/detail.action?docID=6524591

 eReader

Short, M. A. (2020). Addiction in Australia: A study of multiple dependency [DX Reader version]. http://www.ebookstore.tandf.co.au/html/index.asp

Print book:

Sabourin, V. (2021). Strategic management for the hospitality and tourism industry: Developing a competitive advantage. Apple Academic Press.

 Print book with editor example:

Sarris, J., & Wardle, J. (Eds.). (2019). Clinical naturopathy: An evidence-based guide to practice (3rd ed.). Elsevier.

 

 

Books with two authors or editors

  • - All authors or editors names are to be provided in the order in which they appear on the title page of the publication.
  • - For In-text references where the names are within brackets, insert an ampersand (‘&’) between the last two authors. When the names are part of the sentence, insert ‘and’ between the last two authors.
  • - If you are dealing with editors instead of authors, insert the editor's name in the reference list in the same place where the author's name would usually go, followed by "(Eds.)" without the quotation marks. The rest of the format would remain the same.
  • - Include the DOI or URL for ebooks if available
  • -If the ebook is from an academic research database include the library link to the ebook or record in the library catalogue

 

In text example

 Reference list example

In-text citation (paraphrase or direct quotation):

Sharma and Branscum (2020, p. 245) stated...

OR

(Sharma & Branscum, 2020, p. 245).

 

(Dennison & Weber, 2015, pp. 120-121)

 

References:

Sharma, M., & Branscum, P. (2020). Foundations of mental health promotion. (2nd ed). Jones & Bartlett Learning. https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/think/detail.action?docID=6267042

Print book:

Dennison, D.F., & Weber, M.R. (2015). Strategic hospitality human resources management. Pearson. 

 

Books with Three to Twenty authors or editors

  • - In the case of three or more authors, the in-text reference should list the name of the first author followed by 'et al. (meaning ‘and others’).'
  • - For the reference list, all authors or editors names are to be provided in the order in which they appear on the title page of the publication.
  • - If you are dealing with editors rather than authors, insert the editor's name in place of an author's name in the reference list entry followed by '(Ed.)' without the quotation marks.
  • - Include the DOI or URL for ebooks if available
  • - If the ebook is from an academic research database include the library link to the ebook or record in the library catalogue

 

 

In text example

 Reference list example

 In-text citation (paraphrase or direct quotation): 

Henrotin et al. (2012, pp. 203-204) stated... OR

(Henrotin et al., 2012, pp. 203-204)

 

 

 

(Feng et al., 2015, p. 15)

 
 

 Ebook example with editors:

Henrotin, Y., Bennell, K., & Rannou, F. (Eds.). (2012). Nonpharmacological therapies in the management of osteoarthritis. Bentham Books. https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/think/detail.action?docID=976640

Print book:

Feng, X., Ljungwall, C., & He, G. (2015). The ecology of Chinese private enterprises. World Scientific Publishing Co. Pty. Ltd.

 

 

Book chapter

  • - When a book contains chapters written by different authors, these authors are acknowledged at the beginnings of the chapters and/or in the table of contents. The author and title of the specific chapter you read must be included in the reference list entry.

  • - The author and title of the chapter should be listed at the start of the reference list entry. The reference for the entire book will follow beginning with the word "In" not including quotation marks

  • - The authors of the chapter are written as 'Surname, A. A'.  The editors are written 'A. A. Surname'.

  • - For ebooks, include the DO or URL to the book chapter in the reference list entry

 
Ebook
Author Surname [of Chapter or Article], First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Article or chapter title. In Editor First Initial. Second Initial. Surname (Ed.), Book title: Subtitle (pp. page range of article or chapter)Publisher. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxx OR Stable URL

In text example

 Reference list example

 In-text citation (paraphrase or direct quotation): 

(Borland, 2021, p. 37)

 

 

 

(Brinsfield & Edwards, 2020, p. 49)

 

 Ebook example:

Borland, J.H., (2021). The trouble with conceptions of giftedness. In R.J. Sternberg & D. Ambrose (Eds.), Conceptions of giftedness and talent (pp. 37-49). Palgrave Macmillan. https://link-springer-com.torrens.idm.oclc.org/book/10.1007/978-3-030-56869-6

Print example:

Brinsfield, C.T., & Edwards, M.S. (2020). Employee voice and silence in organizational behavior. In A. Wilkinson, J Donaghey, & T. Dundon. (Eds.), Handbook of research on employee voice (2nd ed., pp. 49 - 49). Edward Elgar.

When citing from an ebook without any page numbers, give information about the chapter title, heading or section in the in-text citation to help the reader find the information. Also include the paragraph number.

References List

Cite the reference as an eBook as normal. 

 

In-Text Citation with chapter title or heading

If page numbers are not provided:

  • -Cite the name of the chapter or heading
  • - Include the paragraph number within the section it is from with the word "para." before it.

(Author Surname, Date, Heading OR Chapter, para. number)

 

In text example

 Reference list example

In-text citation (with chapter heading):

(Craft, 2019, Meiosis, para. 2)

 

 

(Cromb, 2023, Suture materials, para. 1) 

 

 

(Hechtman, 2019, Chapter 5, para. 4)

References:

Craft, J., (2019). Understanding Pathophysiology. (ANZ ed.). Elsevier Australia. https://lesa.on.worldcat.org/oclc/1141736220

 

Cromb, M.M. (2023). Sutures, sharps and instruments. In J. C Rothrock (Ed.), Alexander's care of the patient in surgery.(17th ed).  Elsevier. https://lesa.on.worldcat.org/oclc/1346397318

 

Hechtman, L. (2019). Clinical naturopathic medicine (2nd ed.). Elsevier. https://www.clinicalkey.com.au/nursing/#!/browse/book/3-s2.0-C20160022763 

Organisational author

  • - When a work has no author, cite the sponsoring organisation in place of the author. 
  • - If there is no sponsoring organisation, use the first few words of the title (or entire title if it is short) in the in-text citation, and the entire title in place of author in the reference list.
  • - When a work's author is designated as Anonymous, the in-text reference at the end of the sentences should be Anonymous followed by a comma and the date.
  • - When entering an In-text reference, use the organisational author or, if none, use the first few words of the reference list entry, usually the title and the date of publication.

 

In text example

 Reference list example

 In-text citation (paraphrase or direct quotation): 
 
(Project Management Institute, 2021, p. 70)  
 
 
(Organisational author, Year, page number)
   
 

 Example:

Project Management Institute. (2021). The standard for project management and a guide to the project management body of knowledge: PMBOK guide. (7th ed.) PMI Inc. https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/think/detail.action?docID=6636132

 

 

 

Translations

  • - When a work has been translated from another language, your references must show that you are citing a translation, not the original work.
  • - The in-text reference should include the original author's name, the year of original publication and the year the translation you have read was published.
  • - In the reference list entry, following the title, add the name of the translator and 'Trans.' in brackets (not including quotation marks). Include the date of the original work in brackets following publication details.

Example

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year translation published). Book title: Subtitle (Translator First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, Trans.) Publisher. (Year originally published)

In text example

 Reference list example

 In-text citation (paraphrase or direct quotation): 

Zhang's work (1987/2002, p. 321) demonstrated... (Year original work published / year translation published)

OR

Yet elsewhere, Zhang (1987/2002, p. 321) seemed to suggest... (Year original work published / year translation published, page number).

 OR

...(Zhang, 1987/2002, p. 321) 

(Author surname, year originally published / Year translation published, page number)

 

 Example:

Zhang, D. (2002). Key concepts in Chinese philosophy (E. Ryden, Trans.). Foreign Language Press. (Original work published 1987)

 

 

Secondary sources

  • - There may be times when you wish to cite information that another author has cited, and you have not been able to find the original source. 
  • - As you have not read the original work, you will only include the source that you did read in your reference list. 
  • - The in-text citation needs to include the author/s of the original research followed by the phrase "as cited in", before providing the citation of the text that was actually consulted.
  • - Use secondary references sparingly, e.g., when the original text is not accessible
  • - The examples given below follow the format for a book with multiple editors.  If you are referencing an authored book, journal article or other source please follow appropriate examples previously given.

In text example

 Reference list example

 In-text citation (paraphrase or direct quotation): 
 
(Anderson & Ramsdale, as cited in Burton, 2018, p.77).
 
(Author Surname, Year Quoted, as cited in Author Surname [of the source you read], Year, page number)
 
 

 

 

 Only list the source you actually read:

Burton, M. (2018). Therapeutic massage techniques. Penguin 

 
 
 

 

 

 

 

In text example

 Reference list example

 In-text citation: Cite both the original publication year and recent publication year.
 
(Smith, 1793/1976, p. 67)
 
 
 
 

 

 

 Reference the year of the reprinted work

Smith, A. (1976). An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations. Chicago University Press. (Original work published 1793).