Online Video

  • - If the author's name is not available, use the screen name.

Example

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. OR Author screen name (Year). Title of video [Video file]. URL of specific video

In text example

 Reference list example

 In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

(Khan, 2014)
 
 In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Khan, 2014)

 

 In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Khan, 2016)

 

 In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Khan, 2016)

 Khan Academy Example:

Khan Academy (2014). Organic chemistry naming examples 5 [MOOC video]. https://www.khanacademy.org/video/organic-chemistry-naming-examples-5

 

 Youtube Example

Khan Academy. (2016, July 14). Brexit and European Union primer [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gbIgkcIfg0E

 

Film and Documentary

  • - Dates for films should be the date of first release, not when the video/DVD was published.
  • - Only the film title should be in italics.
  • - The first letter of the first word of a title should be capitalised as should the first letter of the first word of any subtitle. Everything else should be in lower case unless it is a proper noun or an abbreviation that is always written in capitals.
  • - List the primary contributors in the author position and use parentheses to identify their contribution.
Example
Primary contributor surname, Initial. (Role). (Year).  Title of movie [Format e.g. Film or DVD]. Name of Studio.

In text example

 Reference list example

 In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

(Spurlock, 2004)

 In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Spurlock, 2004)
 References:
Spurlock, M. (Producer & Director). (2004). Super size me [Film]. Fortissimo Films.

 

Television Episode

  • - Only the series title should be in italics.
  • - The first letter of the first word of a title should be capitalised as should the first letter of the first word of any subtitle. Everything else should be in lower case unless it is a proper noun or an abbreviation that is always written in capitals.
  • - List the primary contributors in the author position and use parentheses to identify their contribution.

Example

Writer Surname, Initial. (Writer), & Director Surname, Initial. (Director). (Year, Month Date).  Episode title or number [TV series episode]. In Producer Initial, Surname (Title) Title of series. Name of Studio.

In text example

 Reference list example

  In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

(Davies & Walsh, 2011)

  In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Davies & Walsh, 2011)

 References:

Davies, A. (Screenwriter), & Walsh, D. (Director). (2011, June 23). Episode 1 [TV series episode]. In G. Riley & J. Turner (Producers). Little Dorrit. BBC.